Hrinchenko, B. D.
Hrinchenko Borys Dmytrovych
09 December 1863 – 06 May 1910
- Bibliography of his works
- Bibliography of publications about his life and activity
- Virtual exhibition
- Full-text documents
- Photo gallery
- Establishment bearing his name
- Hrinchenko museums
- Perpetuation of his memory
Borys Dmytrovych Hrinchenko was a Ukrainian writer, pedagogue, lexicographer, specialist in literature, ethnographer, historian, publicist, public and cultural figure, one of the founders of the Ukrainian Radical Party, organiser and head of the Prosveta (Enlightment) society in Kyiv. He wrote under the following pen names: Vasyl Chaichenko, L. Yavorenko, P. Vartovyi, B. Vilkhovyi, and Perekotypole.
Borys Dmytrovych was an author of pedagogical, ethnographical, linguistic, and literary works and historical essays. He compiled the first textbooks on the Ukrainian language and literature Ukrainska hramatyka do nauky chytannia i pysannia (Ukrainian grammar: reading and writing) and Ridne slovo (Native word). He also produced thesaurus Slovar ukrainskoi movy (Ukrainian thesaurus) (4-volume set). B. D. Hrinchenko described his pedagogical ideas in the theoretical Narodni vchyteli i ukrainska shkola (Popular teachers and Ukrainian school) (1960) and Na besprosvetnom puti. Ob ukrainskoj shkole (On impenetrable way. About Ukrainian school) (1906). He wrote that it was very important for Ukrainian people to be taught in Ukrainian. The writer stated that it was not impossible to develop people and their national consciousness without the development of their native language and culture. Borys Hrinchenko’s ideas about the Ukrainian national education and school are still relevant and original.
Borys Dmytrovych Hrinchenko was the initiator of catalogues for school and teachers’ libraries in the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century and the organiser of the first Ukrainian popular publishing house, which printed 45 popular educational works.